Strasbourg France History
Strasbourg, France, is a city that appeals to many and you can love something about Strasbourg. Located on the Rhine on the border with Germany, Strasbourg offers a great opportunity to experience the urban side of French Alsace.
The region fell between French and German control until Strasbourg was conquered by French troops in 1681. After being annexed by Germany in World War II, it was liberated from German occupation in 1945. Strasbourg was again a French city at the end of 1944, but in 1946, after the liberation of the city from Nazi occupation, it came under German control again.
It was Louis XIV who kept Strasbourg and lost most of the other conquests in 1679, but it remained in Lorraine territory, known as "Lotharingia," which developed into Lorraine a few centuries later. Only after France had to surrender Alsace and the northern part of Lorrain to the Second Reich, the city was annexed again by Germany.
In late 1944, it became French again and remained a French city until it was awarded the title of Capital of Alsace in 2016. Given that it had changed hands so many times between Germany and France, Strasbourg seemed the most likely candidate for the French presidency. In the early 1990s, the creation of what would become the European Union saw the province of Strasbourg, which had never been united before, transferred as its capital.
Paradoxically, the annexation of Strasbourg and also of Alsace to France posed several problems, particularly in terms of adaptation. Although a daily visit is possible, I believe that you need at least 2 days in Strasbourg to see and experience the sights and attractions, so a weekend in Strasbourg is a great idea. If you have more time, look at the rest of Alsace, but I would recommend spending at least 2 days in Strasbourg and 2-3 days there.
If you fly to Strasbourg yourself, you are acting as if you are flying from Paris, but not from the French capital, Paris.
Strasbourg and Metz were considered one of the strongest fortresses in France, and Strasbourg was a major target of the Prussian army. They bombed the city and when the enemy appeared near this fortress, they began to lay siege to all their work and weapons. He spent a day in Strasburg and above, then moved to a base south of Alsace.
But everything changed and the Germans annexed Alsace and connected it to the Baden region, forming the district of the Upper Rhine, with Strasbourg as its capital. After a further change of boundaries in the 1980s, it came into the possession of Ludwig the German and turned towards the "Germanic world." Between 1870 and 1945, nationalities changed four times and a number of ethnic groups lived here, including the French, Germans, French, Italians and Italians.
Since its foundation by the Roman Empire, Strasbourg has served as an international gateway and birthplace of great ideas since that time. At the beginning of the 21st century, it has become a city that is modern and open, without renouncing its historical heritage.
Today, the city of Strasbourg, France, is mainly known for being the seat of the European Parliament, but is often used as a tourist destination and as the venue for a number of international conferences and events. In the fourth century it became the seat of a bishop, or "Strasbourg," and in 1988 the archdiocese was transformed into a diocese, which developed into the "Diocese of St. Louis" (today's diocese of Saint-Louis).
In the 5th century, the city was known as "Gallic," and after the secession from the Franconian Empire, Alsace became part of the Holy Roman Empire in the 9th century and remained so until it was granted the status of "Free City" in 1262. The Treaty of Verdun was concluded a year later and Strasbourg was incorporated into the Kingdom of Lotharingia, a forerunner of the Lorraine region. When the entire region of Al-Sace was annexed to the Empire in 900 as "Lotharedia," Strasbourg joined the Holy Roman Empire.
In 1648, Alsace became France through the Peace of Westphalia, but it was only after the French Revolution that the Jews were granted civil rights. On 22 November, French troops under Henri Gouraud arrived in Strasbourg, and on 5 December the Soviet Alsatian Republic was dissolved. Due to the legal vacuum that developed with the armistice and the invasion of the French army, it became the first declared independent country in Europe.
In 1681 Strasbourg, which had experienced great upheavals during its return to France, experienced the Franco-Prussian War of 1871, 190 years later. The French army was led by Jean-Baptiste Kleber, also born in Strasbourg, to achieve several decisive victories. In 1945, after the end of World War II and the collapse of the Soviet Union, it fell under Nazi Germany's control for the first time.